A few years ago I wrote a quite popular post for security hardening on Ubuntu 14.04, and now here’s a new version for CentOS 7 and RHEL 7. Much of it should apply to CentOS/RHEL versions 6 and 8, with some tweaks required here and there. It should also largely work with Amazon Linux and Amazon Linux 2, although again some tweaks will be required for those.
I wanted to get notified of any new machines connecting to my local network so that I could be reasonably sure there would be no unauthorised devices connecting wirelessly to use my network for unknown and potentially malicious purposes. I therefore wrote a simple script to detect new MAC addresses appearing on the network and notify me accordingly. The script requires nmap to be installed and should ideally be run from cron with the output going to a valid email account. The script can be obtained from my GitHub.
Recently I’ve been involved with a project where I needed to perform some security hardening on Amazon Web Services EC2 instances running Ubuntu Server 12.04, so I used this excellent guide as a starting point, then I added, removed and modified things as needed.
I decided to take those procedures and modify them for Ubuntu Server 14.04 now that this new LTS version has been released. Some of the procedures from 12.04 no longer need to be performed, and some needed to be changed. The following guidelines are what I’ve ended up with. You might find these guidelines useful to varying extents on other Linux distributions, but there will be potentially very significant differences depending on which distro you’re using.